Index to the Sources

The following primary sources are included in the archive:

''Aegopogon cenchroides Humb. et Bonpl.'' Accession Number: 6010.0002. Hitchcock-Chase Collection of Grass Drawings, courtesy of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa., on indefinite loan from the Smithsonian Institution. huntbot.andrew.cmu.edu.

"Alicia Moreau de Justo." Red Informativa de Mujeres de Argentina. www.rimaweb.com.ar/protagonistas/amoreau_egiberti.html.

"Auxiliary in public health nursing visits midwife in rural Mexico." United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A016731.

"Coffee hacienda, Costa Rica" Medium: 1 photographic print. Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection, copyright Publishers Photo Service. LIbrary of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-97798.

"Ferdinand Magellan." 1585. The Granger Collection, New York. 0009480.

"Flos pavonis." In: Merian, Marie Sibylla. Dissertatio de generatione et metamorphosibus insectorum Surinamensium. Pierre Gosse, 1726. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0026583.

"Francisco Caldas y Tenoro (1771-1816)." 19th Century. The Granger Collection, New York. 0058921.

"Fuegians and Wigwams." Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. 'Beagle' Under the Command of Captain Fitz Roy, R.N. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1890.

"Inmigracion peligrosa," In Rodriguez, Julia. Civilizing Argentina: Science, Medicine, and the Modern State. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. From Caras y caretas, 12 June 1909.

"John Davison Rockefeller (1839-1937)." 1905. The Granger Collection, New York. 0002490.

"Mariners Sighting." 16th C. The Granger Collection, New York. 0010693.

"Nina: World Map." 1500. The Granger Collection, New York. 0007646.

"Oswaldo Cruz Institute." From: Cruz, Oswaldo. Os servicos de saude publica no Brasil: especialmente na cidade do Rio de Janeiro: de 1808 a 1907. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0040958.

"Pan American Sanitary Code." In Basic Documents of the Pan American Health Organization, Sixteenth edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, 2002, pp. 3-7. http://www.paho.org/English/D/OD_308_ch1-3.htm

"Pedro Alvares Cabral Fleet." 1500. The Granger Collection, New York. 0007381.

"Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz." 18th Century. The Granger Collection, New York. 0023636.

"Spraying roofs to prevent Yellow Fever." From: Cruz, Oswaldo. Os servicos de saude publica no Brasil: especialmente na cidade do Rio de Janeiro: de 1808 a 1907. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0040955.

"Una Carta de Darwin," February 26, 1847. In: Muniz, Francisco Javier. Escritos Cientificos. Grandes Escritores Argentinos, Director: Alberto Palcos, XIII. Buenos Aires and New York: W.M. Jackson, inc., 1916.

[Cusco, Peru]. 1638. In Phelps Stokes Collection of American Historical Prints. Digital ID: 54647. Courtesy of the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/ Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs.

[left] Fueille de Canne. [right] Partie d'une Canne. In: Labat, Jean Baptiste. Nouveau voyage aux isles de l'Amerique...tome troisieme. Paris: Chez Guillaume Cavelier Pere, Librarie, au Lys d'or, 1742. Accession no. 35892. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

A la Espada y el compas Mas y mas y mas y mas. 1599. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

A man in bed suffering from syphilis, amidst a busy domestic scene. Line engraving by P. Galle after Jan Van der Straet. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0011152.

Alexander von Humboldt. German naturalist. Humboldt and Aime Bonpland on the Orinoco River in South America in 1799: line engraving, 19th century. Courtesy of the Granger Collection, NY. ID: 0067924.

Algometer. From Lombroso, Cesare. Criminal Man. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's sons, 1911. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0022896.

Almeida, Vanderlei. "Brazilian Science and Technology Ministe..." 06 Oct 2003. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Getty Images, Image #2566357.

Almeida, Vanderlei. "General View of the Angra 1 (R) and Angr..." 31 May 2005. Angra dos Reis, Brazil. Getty Images, Image #53001759.

Almeida, Vanderlei. "Green Peace Activists Protest in Front of..." 06 Aug 2003. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Getty Images, Image #2373788.

Almeida, Vanderlei. "Nuclear Physicist Monica Georgia C..." 19 Jan 2006. Getty Images, Image #56626437.

Ambassador's Globe. Nuremberg, c. 1525. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: 2003 1481.

Ancient Incan city of Machu Picchu. 01 Jan 1900. Time Life Pictures/Getty Images, Image #50691469.

Architectural blueprint for the El Paso Disinfection Plant, 1917. Photo included in letter from C.C. Pierce to the Surgeon General, 16 Feb 1917, NACP, USPHS, AG 90, CF 1897-1923, file 1248. In: Stern, Alexandra Minna. "Buildings, Boundaries, and Blood: Medicalization and Nation Building on the U.S.-Mexico Border, 1910-1930." In Hispanic American Historical Review, vol. 79, no. 1 (Feb., 1999), 41-81.

Ariel Barrios Medina, from www.houssay.org.ar

Astronomy from Planet Earth. 2007. Courtesy of the ESO.

Azel, Jose. "Research at Biotechnical Center in Havana, Cuba." 01 Feb 1991. Havana, Cuba. Getty Images, Image #52088442.

Aztec Calendar Stone, Mexico City, no. 51150. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: WA Photos 121.

B A Houssay. 17th November 1947. Courtesy of Getty Images: 3331290.

Basalt Rock Formations. In Humboldt, Alexander von. Vue des Cordilleres. Volume 2, plate 22. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0019403.

Bernetti, Martin. "A shaman does a purification with medicinal plants..." 31 Oct 2000. Quito, Ecuador. Getty Images, Image #51421180.

Biblioteca central de la Universidad Autonoma de Mexico en Ciudad Universitaire en Mexico, D.F. 11/21/2006. Public Domain.

Bird's eye view of Gatun Locks, Panama Canal. ca. 1913. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-128562.

Bob Winsett. National Museum of Costa Rica. October 1994. San Jose, Costa Rica. Courtesy of Corbis. BW001137.

Bonpland, Aime. Geographie des plantes equinoxiales. / Tableau physiquw des Andes et Pays voisins/ Dresse d'apres des Observations & des Mesures preises Sir les Lieux depuis le 10 degre de latitude boreale jusqu'au 10 de latitude australe en 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802 at 1803 par Alexandre de Humboldt et Aime Bonpland. Paris, 1805. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call Number: Folio Q115 H84 5.

Bordiga, Benedetto. La Kina Kina. 1791. Accession no. 98-75. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Bosco, Sacro. [Cosmographer at work]. 1537. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Brazil: Cannibalism. German Woodcut: 1505. The Granger Collection, New York. 0035775

Campbell, William F. "Locals going about their daily business." 01 Jun 1995. Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images, Image #50604438.

Carlos Juan Finlay, Cuban Physician. Courtesy of Corbis.

Casa de Oswaldo Cruz.

Casa de Oswaldo Cruz.

Castellanos, Israel. La Delincuencia Femenina en Cuba. Vol. 3. Habana: Dorrbecker, 1929.

Castro, C. Antiguedades mexicanas, que existen en el Museo Nacional de Mexico, 1857. Plate 38. In Mexico y sus alrededores. Coleccion de vistas monumentales, paisajes y trajes del pais. Dibujados al natural y litografiados por los artistas mexicanos C. Castro, G. Rodriguez e J. campillo. Bajo la direccion de V. Debray. Published in 1869. Courtesy of the New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library/Art, Prints and Photographs. Digital ID: 1519699.

Charles Darwin. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ61-104.

Chesley, Paul. "Mother showing baby (0-3 mo) to midwife in examination room." Getty Images, Image #879657-001.

Chimborazo. In Alexander Von Humboldt's Views of Nature: or Contemplations on the Sublime Phenomena of Creation with Scientific Illustrations. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1850.

Cinchona Peruviana. Photograph of Watercolour sent by Mutis to Linnaieus. 24 September 1764. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. M0001350.

Cinchona Peruviana. Photograph of Watercolour sent by Mutis to Linnaieus. 24 September 1764. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. M0001350.

Colera veja como evita-la. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A031840.

Collaert, Andrianus, after Joannes Stradanus. "Amerigo Vespucci." c. 1585. The Granger Collection, New York. 0011343.

Conchology: shells. Engraving. From: Darwin, Charles. Geological Observations on South America. London: Smith and Elder, 1846. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0003828.

Corn, 1556. Color woodcut from Giovanni Battista Ramusio's 'Delle Navigazioni e Viaggi,' Venice, Italy, 1556. Courtesy of the Granger Collection, NY. ID: 0009594.

Cortés, Hernán. Untitled map of Tenochtitlan in Praeclara Ferdina[n]di Cortesii de noua maris oceani Hyspania narratio sacratissimo, ac inuictissimo Carolo Romanoru[m] Imperatori semper Augusto, Hyspaniaru[m] &c. Regi anno Domini M.D.XX. transmissa? Cartas de relación. (The Second Letter Sent to His Sacred Majesty the Emperor, Our Sovereign, by Don Fernando [Hernán] Cortés, Captain General of New Spain.) Norimberga, 1524. Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections, ID: F1230 .C883 1524 Rosenwald ms. 654.

Cuba Medical Students. Cuba. 1 Jan 1960. Gilberto Ante/Roger Viollet/Getty Images. 56202969.

Cutting Tobacco in the shade of banana trees, Province of Havana, Cuba. 1 Photographic Print on Stereo Card: Stereograph, 1916. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-66912. Digital ID, 3b14393

Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. 'Beagle' Under the Command of Captain Fitz Roy. R.N. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1890.

Darwin, Charles. The Voyage of the Beagle. London: John Murray, 1913.

De Bry, Theodore. "Seville: Departure." 1594. The Granger Collection, New York. 0010550.

de Bry, Theodore. CROCODILES, 1591. Florida Indians killing crocodiles (alligators): engraving, 1591, by Theodor de Bry after a now lost drawing by Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues. Courtesy of the Granger Collection, NY. ID: 0009679.

De Bry, Theodore. Nigritae exhaustis venis metallicis consciendo saccharo operam dare debent. In Americae pars quinta nobilis & admiratione plena Hieronymi Bezoni Mediolanensis secundae setionos Hispanorum.... Accession no. 34724. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.\r\n

Denevan, William M. Inca Fields in Machu Picchu. Courtesy of iStockPhoto. File Number: 4122336.

Description of a slave ship. London: Printed by James Phillips, George-yard, Lombard-street, 1789. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: Folio BrSides By6 1789.

Diagrams on how to pack seeds and plants. In: Ellis, John. Directions for bringing over seeds and plants from the East-Indies and other distant countries in a state of vegetation. London: Printed and sold by L. Davis, printer to the Royal Society, 1770. Accession no. 9939. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Drawing 132, Storehouses of the Inka. In Guaman Poma, Felipe. Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno. 1615. Courtesy of the Royal Library of Denmark.

Drawing 257. Wrathful, arrogant Dominicans force native women to weave for them. In Guaman Poma, Felipe. Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno. 1615. Courtesy of the Royal Library of Denmark.

Drawing 275. Devout black Christians from the stock of unacculturated black slaves from Africa ("Guinea") say the rosary before an image of the Virgin Mary. In Guaman Poma, Felipe. Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno. 1615. Courtesy of the Royal Library of Denmark.\r\n\r\n.

Drawing 396. November: Time of watering the maize, of scarcity of water, time of heat. In Guaman Poma, Felipe. Nueva Coronica y Buen Gobierno. 1615. Courtesy of the Royal Library of Denmark.

Drawings by Francisco Goytia from an article by Lucio Mendieto y Nunez, "Influence of the Physical Environment on Primitive Peoples," in Ethnos.

Dresden Codex. Published by Ernst Forstemann, 1880. Courtesy of the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc.

Eliminemos a las vinchunas transmisoras del mal de chagas. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A025981.

Equiano, Olaudah, b. 1745. Frontispiece of The interesting narrative of the life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African / written by himself.\r\n. Dublin : Printed for, and sold by, the author. Sold also at the Dublin Chronicle Office, by W. Sleater, no. 28, Dame-Street, and the other booksellers in Dublin, 1791. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: JWJ Zan Eq51 789Je.

Equinox Tower. iStock Photography, #1285643.

Es portadora vih no tiene sida, pero lo contagia. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: C01055.

Eugenics Campaign Posters from 1937, created by The Municipal Government of Sao Bernardo, Sao Paulo.

Faca exame pre-natal. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A032067

Fairchild, David. Papaya Gathering. 31 Mar 1924. Atkins Family Photographs, Collection 37, Massachusetts Historical Society Photo Archives. http://www.masshist.org/photographs/query3.cfm?queryID=157

Ferdinand II, King of Spain, pointing across Atlantic to where Columbus is landing with three ships amid large group of Indians. ca. 1500. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-43535.

Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdez, Gonzalo. In La Historia General de las Indias. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: Taylor 75.

Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdez, Gonzalo. La Historia General de las Indias. 1535. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: Taylor 75 folio LXVI r.

Florentino Ameghino, 1854-1911. From Obras Completas y Correspondencia Cientifica de Florentino Ameghino, volumen I, Vida y obras del sabio. Dirigida por Alfredo J. Torcelli. La Plata: Taller de impresiones oficiales, 1913.

Fols. 27v and 28r. In: de la Cruz, Martinus. Badianus Codex, 1552. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0021272.

Foto do Museu Paulista (Museu do Ipiranga) provelmente no inicio do seculo XX. c. 1900. Library of Congress (Bain News Service).

Francisco Javier Balmis, busto situado en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Miguel Hernandez de San Juan de Alicante, Espana.

Frente del Museo de La Plata. Foto tomada el 3 de noviembre de 2005. Patricia Lorente.

From Economic Survey of Latin America, 1948. Prepared by the Secretariat of the Economic Commission for Latin America. Lake Success, New York: United Nations Department of Economic Affairs. Copyright 1949, United Nations. Reprinted with the Permission of the Uinted Nations.

From Obras Completas y Correspondencia Cientifica de Florentino Ameghino, volumen IV, Vida y obras del sabio. Dirigida por Alfredo J. Torcelli. La Plata: Taller de impresiones oficiales, 1915.

From Revista de Criminologia, Psiquiatria y Medicina Legal, mayo-junio 1932.

Front page of 1st edition of Mercurio Volante, being the first medical newspaper in the New World. From Mercurio Volante. 17 October 1772. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0002686.

Furse, Charles Wellington. Sir Francis Galton. The Granger Collection, New York. 0015926.

Gamio, Manuel. Firjando Patria (Pro Nacionalismo). Mexico: Libreria de Porrua Hermanos, 1916.

General view of downtown Mexico City. Mexico City, Mexico. 16 Oct 2003. JORGE UZON/AFP/Getty Images. 2605190.

Grafton, Anthony, with April Shelford and Nancy Siraisi. New Worlds, Ancient Texts: The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992, pp. 174, fig. 4.7. The Sucklington Faction, Broadside, 1641. From The New York Public Library, Arents Tobacco Collection.

Guatemala, Quirigua. [Between 1908-1919]. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-F81-2705 [P&P].

Harvard Observatory, Southern Station, Arequipa, Peru. Juan Eduardo Muniz, 1897. In: Isolabella, Alberto Parodi. Resena historica de los observatorios astronomicos de Monte Harvard, Chosica (1889-1890) y Carmen Alto, Arequipa (1890-1927). Arequipa, Peru: Consejo Nacional de Ciencias y Tecnologia (CONCYTEC), Lima, 1989.

Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de. 1725. The Manner of Hunting on ye Continent of America. Accession no. 07324b. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Hookworm infection: Latrines. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A012964.

Huejotzingo Codex, on Amatl paper, 1531. Harkness Collection, Special Collections, Library of Congress.

Humboldt-Buste auf dem Campus der Universitat von Havanna/ Cuba. Selbst fotografiert. November 2004. Eggi.

Humboldt, Alexander de. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent. London: Longman, 1814. pp. 33-39.

Humboldt, Alexander de. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent. London: Longman, 1814. pp. i-li.

Humboldt, Alexander von. Carte du Cours de Rio Apure et d'une Partie de la Chaine des Montaignes de la Nouvelle Grenade, dressee par Alexandre de Humboldt. pl. 17. 1813. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: Folio Q115 H84 1B.

Humboldt, Alexander von. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America. London: George Bell & Sons, 1885. pp. 372-432.

Illustration of Men Getting Inoculations. Courtesy of Corbis.

Images of Elephantiasis. In Lectures on tropical diseases: being the Lane lectures for 1905 delivered at Cooper Medical College, San Francisco, U.S.A. August 1905. by Patrick Manson. London: Constable, 1905.

Immanuel Giel 14:47, 21 December 2006 (UTC). Public Domain.

Imperato, Ferrante. Ritratto del Museo di Ferrante Imperato. Napoli: C. Vitale, 1599. Courtesy of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Call number: S16 O40.

In Novo y Colson, Pedro de. Viaje politico-cientifico alrededor del mundo por las corbetas Descubierta y Atrevida al mando de los Capitanes de Navio D. Alejandro Malaspina y D. Jose de Bustamante y Guerra, desde 1789 a 1794. Madrid: Imprenta de Fortenat, 1885.

Indians tending their sick by trepanning to remove diseased blood and fumigation to remove toxins from diseases contracted from Europeans, including syphilis and smallpox. Engraving, c. 1590, by Theodore de Bry from his "Historia Americae." Courtesy of the Granger Collection, NY. ID: 0036899.

Ingenieros, Jose. Histeria y Sugestion: Estudios de psicologia clinica. 5th edition. Buenos Aires: Talleres Graficos Argentinos de L.J. Rosso y Ci Belgrano 475, 1919.

Jack Hynes. View of Avenue of the Dead and Pyramid of the Sun from the Pyramid of the Moon. 26 May 2006. Public Domain.

Jamaica, irrigation canal on sugar plantation. Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection. Copyright Publishers Photo Service, NYC. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, DC. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-95074.

Johanna Linder. Caracas, Venezuela. 01 Mar 1966. Joseph Fabry//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images. 50675406.

John Hinton. "A representation of the sugar-cane and the art of making sugar." 1749. 1 print: engraving, hand-colored. Illus. from: The universal magazine of knowledge and pleasure .... London : Published ... according to Act of Parliament, for John Hinton, 1749. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. ID: LC-USZ62-7841. Original Image Number: 3a10477.

Jose Antonio Alzate. Lithograph by S. Hernandez. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. V0000142.

Jose Celestino Mutis. Oil painting by R. Cristobal, 1930. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. V001805.

Journal of Agriculture of Porto Rico, 1927

Journal of Agriculture of Porto Rico, 1927

Kasmauski, Karen. Goiana Radiation Accident. 15 Feb 1987. Courtesy of Corbis.

Kingsborough, Edward King. Antiques of Mexico (London, 1831). Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0020862.

Laboratory at the London School of Tropical Medicine at the Albert Dock Hospital (Seamen?s Hospital Society). From: Royal Society of tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0026996

Le Clair, Daniel. "Salvadoran paleontologists uncover deposit..." 25 Jun 2001. Getty Images, Image #1327806.

Luis F. Leloir. Copyright The Nobel Foundation.

Luisi, Paulina. El Problema de la Prostitucion: Abolicionismo o Reglamentacion?. Montevideo: Sindicato Medico del Uruguay, 1926.

Machinery Used in Brazil. In: Mawe, John. Travels in the interior of Brazil, particularly in the gold and diamond districts of that country. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster-Row, 1812. Accession no. 05673. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Malade de l'observation--Polycythemia Vera associated with altitude sickness. From Les erythremies de l'atitute: leurs rapports avec la maladie de Vaquez etude physiologique et pathologique. Paris: Masson, 1929. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. L0041058.

Malaria control unit no. 202 sprays the swamps in Brazil, 10/31/45. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A015231.

Malaria pescador, caminhoneiro, garimpeiro. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A030860.

Man inspecting shade tobacco in field, Cuba. 1 Photographic Print: 1920. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-96605. Digital ID: 3b42709.

Map of South America. Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. 'Beagle' Under the Command of Captain Fitz Roy, R.N. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1890.

Martinez Baca, Francisco and Manuel Vergara. Estudios de antropologia criminal. Puebla: Imprenta, litografia y Encuadernacion de Benjamin Lara, 1892.

Martinez Baca, Francisco and Manuel Vergara. Estudios de antropologia criminal. Puebla: Imprenta, litografia y Encuadernacion de Benjamin Lara, 1892.

Matsumoto, Hiroyuki. "Brazil, Brasilia, government buildings, sunset." Getty Images, Image #sb10064135j-001.

Medecins soignant des syphilitiques. Wood engraving from Aesculape. Published 6 June 1931. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. M0006193.

Mercator, Gerhard. Atlas sive Cosmographicae editationes de fabrica mvndi et fabricati figvra. Dvisbvrgi Clivorvm [1595]. 3 pts. in 1 v. port., 107 col. maps (part fold.) 45 cm. The first part, originally published in 1585, is composed of three fascicles, each with a special t. p.: Galliæ tabule geographicæ ; Belgii Inferioris geographicæ tabule ; Germaniae tabule geographicæ. The second part, originally published in 1589, has special t. p.: Italiae, Sclavoniæ, et Graeciæ tabule geographice. The third part, under whose title the work is published, precedes the first and second parts. Left unfinished by the author, it was completed, and the whole work edited and published by his son, Rumold Mercator, in 1595. LC copy from the library of F.E. Lauber, with his bookplate. DLC. Library of Congress, Rare Books and Special Collections, ID: G1007 .A7 1595.

Messier 104, M 104, The Sombrero Galaxy. Id: phot-07a-00. Courtesy of ESO.

Monge, Carlos. "Life in the Andes and Chronic Mountain Sickness." In Science, New Series, Vol. 95, No. 2456 (Jan. 23, 1942), pp. 79-84.

Mummy adorned with gold jewelry, Paracas civilization, c. 200 BCE. Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima, Peru. Giraudon/ Art Resource, NY. ART21243.

Mylodon. Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. 'Beagle' Under the Command of Captain Fitz Roy, R.N. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1890. pp. 140.

Nast, Thomas. "The Herald of relief from America / Th. Nast." 1 print : wood engraving. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, 1880 Feb. 28, p. 129. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, ID: LC-USZ62-103220. Original image number: cph 3c03220.

Nast, Thomas. Darwin Cartoon. 1871. The Granger Collection, New York. 0009813

Nast, Thomas. The European Plan. 1880. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-129683.

Native Houses at Cruces, Canal Zone. 1908. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division: LC-USZ62-75680.

Nobel Pair. Sweden. 10 Dec 1984. Borje Thuresson/Keystone/Getty Images. 3247716.

Nobel prize winner for chemistry and Massachusetts. Cambridge, MA. 11 Oct 1995. STUART CAHILL/AFP/Getty Images. 51992717.

Norbert Speicher. Small Astrolabe. Courtesy of iStockphoto. ID: 2874694.

O'Doria, Hercules. [Map of the Carribean]. 1592. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

Oakenfull, J.C. Brazil (1913). Frome, England: Butler and Tanner, Selwood Press, 1914. pp. 67.

Obes, Marta. "Concepción Campa Huergo." From "Alma Mater" , www.almamater.cu/salud/conchita.htm. Article by Hilario Rosete Silva. Copyright 2006.

Observatoins de la duree du passage de Venus en 1769. In Chappe D'Auteroche, Jean Baptiste. Voyage en Californie pour l'observation du Paggage de Venus sur le disque du soleil, le 3 Juin 1769. Redige & publie par M. Cassini fils. Paris: Chez Charles-Antoine Jombert, 1772.

Ole Worm's Cabinet of Curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655.

Overseas passengers undergo temperature check to guard against yellow fever. United States Public Health Service Photo. United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Order #: A018335.

Parks, Gordon. "A woman and her children living in the slums." 01 Nov 1954. Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images, Image #50384764.

Paton, Diana. No Bond but the Law: Punishment, Race, and Gender in Jamaican State Formation, 1780-1870. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004. pg. 107.

Peruvian Khipu for Counting. 0018965. Courtesy of The Granger Collection, NY.

Peruvian Tabbard, c. 1500. The Granger Collection, New York. 0035524.

Photograph by Jon Hedlund

Photograph by Paul Almasy. Courtesy of the World Health Organization.

Photograph by Peter Larsen. Courtesy of the World Health Organization Archives.

Pico, Jose Muro. Construction of the Chinampas, garden islands in Mexico's lake. Detail of the Pilgrimage of the Nahuatlacas tribe. Oil on wood. Museum of the City of Mexico, Mexico City, D.F., Mexico. Nicolas Sapieha / Art Resource, NY. ID: ART12471.

Pictorial Parade. "Brazilian Scientist Cesare Lattes" 01 Jan 1969. Getty Images, Image #2217594.

Pittier, Henri. Ensayo sobre las plantas usuales de Costa Rica. Washington, D.C.: H.L. and J.B. McQueen, 1908.

Pittier, Henri. Mapa Ecologico de Venezuela que demuestra las zonas naturales, los cultivosm las vias de communicacion y los principales centros mineros, etc.. Caracas: Liografia del Comercio, 1920.

Plan of the Botanical Garden of Mexico, by Miguel Costanso, showing working and living quarters for scientists and professors. Archivo General de Indias, Sevilla.

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